Our key environmental figures

We have introduced a systematic environmental management system with the aim of consistently reducing our consumption of resources and CO2 emissions. The following key environmental figures refer to the ERGO Group in Germany and abroad.

Direct energy consumption

2016 2015 2014
Direct energy consumption in gigajoules
GJ 554,785 577,375 589,443
Direct energy consumption by primary energy source
Natural gas
GJ 188,7011 176,323 172,968
Natural gas consumption for CHPs2
GJ 363,812 398,847 414,429
Heating oil
GJ 0 0 0
Fuel for emergency generator
GJ 2,094 2,112 1,950
Solar energy
GJ 1783 94 95
Direct energy consumption per employee
GJ 19.66 20.27 21.04

1 The rise in natural gas consumption results from repair works and subsequent outages at ERGO’s own thermal power stations. This leads to increased natural gas requirements for the heat supply.
2 Thermal power station with combined heat and power Technology.
3 The rise in consumption of solar energy can be attributed to expansion of the solar plant at DAS UK in Bristol.

Indirect energy consumption

2016 2015 2014
Indirect energy consumption
GJ 517,003 510,676 508,544
Indirect energy consumption by primary energy source
Electricity purchased from outside the Company
GJ 113,731 108,652 102,185
Green electricity purchased GJ 164,768 163,899 182,213
District cooling GJ 25,534 18,985 22,371
District heating GJ 212,970 219,140 201,775
Indirect energy consumption per employee GJ 18.32 17.93 18.15

Greenhouse gas emissions

2016 2015 2014
Greenhouse gas emissions
kg 92,535,9591 92,230,528 92,565,386
Greenhouse gas emissions
Scope 12
kg 37,564,782 43,290,371 43,619,594
Scope 23
kg 46,597,249 38,043,192 39,126,253
Scope 34
kg 8,373,928 10,896,965 9,819,539
Greenhouse gas emissions per employee
kg 3,279 3,238 3,304

1 The slight rise in the greenhouse gas emissions can be attributed to a change in the emission factors through adjustments to the country-specific conversion factors for electricity, as well as the adjusted factor for district heating (1/2017).
2 Includes direct energy and business travel by car
3 Includes indirect energy
4 Includes paper, water, waste, business travel by air and rail

Paper consumption1

2016 2015 2014
Total paper consumption
t 701 674 727
Paper consumption per employee
t 0.025 0.025 0.027
1 Printer and copy paper

Recycling paper1

2016 20152 2014
Proportion of total materials used that is recycled
t 270 308 415
Proportion of recycled paper
% 38.5 45.7 57.1
1 Printer and copy paper
2 Slight deviations from the report for the year 2015 result from data corrections.


2016 2015 2014
Water consumption in total
m3 450,366 445,744 446,813
Water consumption per employee
m3 15.96 15.65 15.95
1 from the local (municipal) networks

Waste by type and disposal method

20161 2015 2014
Waste t 8,115 6,381 7,2312
Waste by type and method of disposal
Recycled materials
t 4,501 3,525 4,174
Incinerated waste
t 1,970 1,126 1,284
Landfill waste t 468 703 548
Specialist waste disposal for reuse/recovery
t 4 3 4
Compost t 730 636 684
Other waste
t 442 388 4651+2
Waste per employee
t 0.29 0.22 0.26
1 Increase in waste resulting from renovation and refurbishment measures.
2 Slight deviations from the report for the year 2015 result from data corrections.

Notes on the environmental indicators:

To calculate the Group-wide carbon savings targets, from 2009 to 2015 (–10% kg of CO2 per employee) we used the conversion factors of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG) and the Association for Environmental Management and Sustainability in Financial Institutions (VfU) – from 2011 in each case. Green electricity was not included in the accounting, thereby ensuring that the quantitative values remained comparable over the target period. In 2015, a new environmental and climate protection strategy was approved by the Board of Management and the carbon savings target was expanded – from 2009 to 2020 we want to achieve Group-wide carbon savings (kg per employee) of 35%.

Figures from 2016 are limited in their comparability to those from 2015 due to divergent applications of carbon emission factors as well differences in the calculation of carbon emissions from regenerative energy sources.

From 2016, the Group’s carbon emissions will be calculated on the basis of the latest conversion factors of the GHG Protocol and the VfU. The GHG Protocol will be used for the conversion of Scope 1 emissions (direct energy), for electricity falling under Scope 2 emissions (indirect energy) and for the “short- and long-haul flights” components of the “business trips” element of Scope 3 emissions. The ERGO-wide share of electricity from renewable sources of 59 % (2015: 60 %) is calculated at zero emissions. The VfU conversion factors are taken as the basis for calculating the Scope 2 emissions “district heating” and the Scope 3 emissions of paper, water and waste, as well as the “company vehicles, taxis, hire cars, train journeys” components of the “business trips” element.

Carbon emission sources

  • Scope 1: Direct emissions from primary energy consumption (natural gas, heating oil, emergency diesel generators, fuel for company vehicles),
  • Scope 2: Indirect emissions from procured energy (purchase of electricity and district heat),
  • Scope 3: Other indirect emissions (business trips, consumption of paper and water, waste).